Page 13




  1. Project Blue Book Special Report No. 14. (Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, Ohio: ATIC, 1955).

  2. Karl R. Popper, Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge (New York: Harper & Row, 1963).

Procedural Aspects

  1. Ted Phillips, Physical Traces Associated with UFO Sightings, ed. Mimi Hynek (Evanston: CUFOS, 1975).

  2. Fred Merritt, ''A Preliminary Classification of some UFOs Based on Shape and Imprint Pattern," Proceedings of the 1976 CUFOS Conference, ed. Nancy Dornbos (Evanston: CUFOS, 1976), pp. 183–195.

  3. Michael A. Persinger and G.F. Lafreniere, Space-Time Transients and Unusual Events (Chicago, Nelson-Hall, 1977).

  4. Claude Poher, "Etudes Statistique Portant Sur 1000 Temoignages d'Observation d'UFO,'' unpublished and distributed privately.

  5. UFOCAT is the acronym for the catalogue of UFO reports kept in a computer file by the Center for UFO Studies. For a description, see The UFOCAT Codebook by David R. Saunders (Evanston: CUFOS, 1977).

  6. Private communication with Fred Merritt (CUFOS).

  7. Charles Lockwood (ed.), Vehicle Interference Project Report (Newchapel: BUFORA, 1979).

A Chronology of Certain EM Events

  1. Ted Bloecher, Report on the UFO Wave of 1947 (New York: by the author, 1967).

  2. Saucer News (December, 1962), p. 11.

  3. Brad Steiger and Joan Whritenour, Flying Saucers are Hostile (New York: Award Books, 1967), pp. 52–53.

  4. Coral Lorenzen and Jim Lorenzen, UFOs, The Whole Story (New York: Signet, 1969), p. 62.

  5. Vicente Juan Ballester-Olmos, A Catalogue of 200 Type-I UFO Events in Spain and Portugal (Evanston: CUFOS, 1976), pp. 44–45.

  6. Fred Merritt, "Statistical Notes on the UFO Phenomenon," CUFOS Bulletin (Winter, 1977/78), pp. 1–5, 8-11.

  7. Case report available from CUFOS.

  8. Andrew Schopick, unpublished, untitled manuscript on EM cases (available from CUFOS).

EM Event Characteristics

  1. For example, compare to a figure of 48% single witness cases, 52% multiple witnesses, for trace cases (Phillips, op. cit., p. 119).

  2. Jacques Vallee, "Analysis of 8,260 UFO Sightings," Flying Saucer Review XIV (May/June, 1968), pp. 9–11.

  3. J. Allen Hynek, ''The Duration of UFO Events," CUFOS Bulletin (Summer, 1979), pp. 3–8.

  4. Stanley Singer, The Nature of Ball Lightning (New York: Plenum Press, 1971), p. 63.

  5. Phillips, op. cit., p. 117.

  6. Ibid.

  7. Vicente Juan Ballester-Olmos, Ovnis: El-Fen´┐Żmeno Aterrizaje (Barcelona: Plaza & Janes, 1978).

  8. Michael A. Persinger, "Possible Infrequent Geophysical Sources of Close UFO Encounters: Expected Physical and Behavioral-Biological Effects," UFO Phenomena and the Behavioral Scientist, ed. Richard F. Haines (Metuchen, New Jerseh: Scarecrow Press, 1979), pp. 396-433.

  9. Allan Hendry, The UFO Handbook (Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1979), p. 246.

  10. David R. Saunders, "A Spatio-Temporal Invariant for Major UFO Waves," Proceedings of the 1976 CUFOS Conference, ed. Nancy Dornbos (Evanston: CUFOS, 1976), p. 231-233.

  11. Hendry, op. cit., pp. 254–258.

Time of Day of the EM Event

  1. Claude Poher and Jacques Vallee, "Basic Patterns in UFO Observations," AIAA Paper 75–44, January 1975.

  2. Jacques Vallee, "The Pattern Behind the UFO Landings," The Humanoids, ed. Charles Bowen (London: Neville Spearman, 1969), pp. 71–73.

  3. Donald S. Berry, "Traffic Characteristics," Traffic Engineering Handbook, ed. John E. Baerwald (Washington, D.C.: Institute of Traffic Engineers, 1976).

  4. Norman J. Meyerhoff, Spectral Analysis of the Effects of Daylight Saving Time on Motor Vehicle Fatal Traffic Accidents, U.S. Dept. of Transportation-TSC-NHTSA-77-2 (Springfield, Virginia: 1977), pp. 10–11.

  5. Clarkson Oglesby and Laurence Hewes, Highway Engineering (2nd ed.; New York: Wiley & Sons, 1963), P. 186.

  6. Louis J. Pignataro, Traffic Engineering Theory and Practice(Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1973), p. 158.

  7. Berry, op. cit.

  8. University of Colorado, Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects (New York: Bantam, 1968), p. 226.

  9. Persinger, op. cit.


  1. Accident Facts. 1979 Edition (Chicago: National Safety Council, 1979), pp. 50–55.

  2. Mark Rodeghier, "A Statistical Analysis of UFO Electromagnetic Interference Events," Pursuit, XII (Winter, 1979), p. 6.

  3. L.A. Foldvary, "Road Accident Involvement per Miles Traveled-IV," Accident Analysis and Prevention, XI (June, 1979), pp. 75–99.

  4. Ronald M. Westrum, "Witnesses of UFOs and Other Anomalies," UFO Phenomena and the Behavioral Scientist, ed. Richard Haines (Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1979), pp. 101–102.

  5. U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Nationwide Personal Transportation Study (Automobile Occupancy), Report No. 1, April 1972.

  6. Ibid.

  7. Westrum, op. cit., p. 108.

EM Effect

  1. Original case report from Blue Book records (made available through CUFOS).

  2. Keith Basterfield, "Imagery: Can We Explain Certain Close Encounters with the UFO Phenomena?" from UFOCON 5, held by ACUFOS (Gosford, NSW, Australia, 1980).

  3. Lockwood, op. cit., p. 101.

  4. University of Colorado, op. cit., pp. 380–385.

  5. F.C. Gillespie, "Likely Effects of UFOs on Magnetic Signatures," ACOS Bulletin.

  6. Brinsley Le Poer Trench, The Flying Saucer Story (New York: Ace Books, 1966), pp. 114–116.

  7. Private communication with Jerold R. Johnson.

  8. Persinger, op. cit.

  9. Allan Hendry, "UFO Newsfront," Frontiers of Science, III (March-April, 1981), pp. 15–16.

  10. Philip J. Klass, UFOs: Identified (New York: Random House, 1968).

  11. Persinger, op. cit., p. 410.

  12. James McCampbell, "UFO Interference with Automobile Electrical Systems, Part 1: Headlights," Proceedings of the 1976 CUFOS Conference, ed. Nancy Dornbos (Evanston: CUFOS, 1976), pp. 164–182.

  13. Donald A. Johnson, "The Effects of Position and Distance in UFO Ignition Interference Cases," The Journal of UFO Studies, 111, 1980 (in press).

  14. Merritt, "A Preliminary Classification of some UFOs Based on Shape and Imprint Pattern," pp. 183–195.

Pattern Analysis

  1. Richard H. Hall (ed.), The UFO Evidence (Washington, D.C.: NICAP, 1964), p. 152.

  2. Jacques Vallee, "The Pattern Behind the UFO Landings," pp. 68–71.

  3. Guy Vanackeren and Francis Windey, "A Study of Physiological Effects," SOBEPS News, No. 3 (May, 1976), pp. 35–41.

Summary and Conclusions

  1. Fred Merritt, "Report Attributes Related to Object Size in Physical Trace Cases," unpublished and available through CUFOS.

  2. Ibid.

  3. Vallee, op. cit.

  4. Rodeghier, op. cit., p. 9.

  5. J.R. Powell and D. Finkelstein, "Structure of Ball Lightning," American Scientist, No. 58, 1970, p. 262.